South Africa unraveling: Army called in to protect coal plants, after sabotage, theft and 200 days of rolling blackouts

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By JoNova

Spare a thought for our friends in South Africa where the most advanced economy in Africa has quietly notched up 200 days of load shedding in 2022 and things are about to get worse. They have had power shortages for the last 15 years, but nothing like this. The country was at level six load shedding last week in a system where level 8 is the worst. Two thirds of the customers are losing power for 6 to 8 long hours a day. It’s wreaking havoc with small business. How is a bakery supposed to bake?

This is a sorry tale of a civilization unraveling on every edge. On December 16, the grid shifted from Stage Four to Six after eight (8!) power generating units “broke” down in one night. After that, the Army was called in to protect the coal plants from sabotage, theft and vandalism.

There is corruption at every level. The poor were stealing electricity with hot-wired connections, while the middle income rent-seekers were sabotaging infrastructure so they could be paid more to fix the damage. At the high income end, auditors are finding fraud, while evidence is being set on fire. International courts are bagging business-men for bribery and just weeks ago slapped a $315m fine on one caught doing deals with a high ranking Eskom executive.  “These are not victimless crimes!”

As if that isn’t enough, there are rumours that the best coal is being shipped to Europe while low grade material is slipped into the local supplies, which adds to the maintenance woes.

Poignantly, one commenter claims the coal is being sent in these long lines of trucks because the rail lines are on the verge of collapse…

In the next quarter Eskom lose one nuclear plant turbine to maintenance as well, and are preparing for a potential “level 8” scenario where the blackouts roll on for 12-14 unbelievable hours a day. There are “safety tips” below on living through this dystopia which include keeping the car fully fueled, not driving alone, and watching out for smash and grab crimes at traffic lights. Apparently, it’s best to watch the daily blackout schedules so you can make plans to get home before the lights go out…

Crime, of course, is rampant when the lights go out, showing that coal not only provides power, but it keeps people safe, reduces crime, and to some extent keeps civilization on the rails.

The Eskom grid has a theoretical 45,000 MW of generation capacity  but is struggling to provide an operational demand of 25,000MW. They need an extra 6,000MW of solid power but are paying $2 billion for some 1,700MW of unreliable wind and solar power which will sit there like a rock more than half the time.

Fifty years ago, South Africa could build a whole coal power plant in just four years. Could we even do that now?

Arnot Coal Power Station South Africa built in four years and finished in 1975. (2230MW)

Call in the army:

South Africa deploys army to guard power plants

December 18, 2022, Africa News

The South African presidency announced on Saturday the deployment of the military to guard the country’s electricity plants. Blackouts have become routine in Africa’s most industrialised nation but further cuts imposed recently by state-owned company Eskom have generated anger.

According to President Cyril Ramaphosa’s spokesman, the move was “in response to the growing threat of sabotage, theft, vandalism and corruption” at coal and diesel-powered plants.

Life in the darkness:

These are the contingency plans in place for Stage 8 electricity load shedding throughout the country

Stage 8 electricity load shedding might soon be the reality for South Africans as energy analysts say we are moving closer to the total grid shutdown.

“We are certainly moving closer to a stage 8 total grid meltdown, the chances are more than 70%. And we will see level 6 load shedding before the end of the year,” said energy analyst Ted Blom. Stage 8 load shedding entails pulling 8 000MW from the grid. What this means for us is we will be without electricity for 12-14 hours a day.

Safety tips during periods of load-shedding from the City of Cape Town:

  • Make sure you are familiar with your area’s schedule so you do not arrive home in darkness
  • Where intersections are affected, be vigilant for opportunistic crimes like smash and grab incidents
  • Do not drive alone, if possible, especially after dark
  • Ensure batteries for automated gates, garage doors and security systems are in good working order and store temporary lighting such as battery-powered torches, gas lamps and candles in places where they will be easy to find in the dark.
  • Make sure your vehicle always has fuel in the tank as most petrol stations are unable to pump fuel during power outages.
  • Traffic lights that are out and unmanned, should be treated as four-way stops at intersections.
  • Safety around the home: ensure all non-essential appliances are switched off before load-shedding starts. Take extra care when using open flames or other heat sources for cooking or lighting. Ensure gates, windows and doors are secured.

Everyone is on the take:

Eskom CEO quits: Why finding a new head for South Africa’s struggling power utility won’t end the blackouts

By Shubham Srivastava, DowntoEarth, Dec 21.

My second reason for asserting that De Ruyter wouldn’t have to think for long about his decision is that Eskom has lost control of its power stations to criminal elements and “rent-seekers”, who engage in purposeful malfunction and sabotage to earn higher maintenance and other fees from the utility. Drain plugs removed from motor housings, cables cut, theft of coal and diesel, death threats against station managers, are all examples from a long list of cases which are awaiting police investigation.

Moreover, law enforcement is doing little to control the crime. There have been no convictions.

The country is now suffering regular rolling blackouts, and must adapt to a routine energy availability factor of 50 per cent to 55 per cent, leaving a generation shortfall of 4 GW to 5 GW. Since only 66 per cent of Eskom’s demand side is subject to power cuts – the national key points which consume 33 per cent of the total demand are untouched by loadshedding – this means 6 to 8 hours per day of no power for the average consumer.

To make everything absurdly worse, there is a Green Integrated Resource Plan of 2019, that seeks to expand the share of renewables in the energy mix to 25% by 2030. As if…

h/t Stephen Neil in Africa