India Electricity Mix

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By Paul Homewood

We concentrate on energy and emissions data in China for obvious reasons – it is such a big country. We consequently tend to ignore the rest of Asia. So, let’s take a closer look at India.

BP Energy Review

Over the last decade,  electricity generation from fossil fuel plants has increased by 73%, and still accounts for 78% of total electricity.

In unit terms, fossil fuel power has increased by 566 TWh since 2010, while wind and solar have risen by only 117 TWh. And as the second chart shows, the annual rate of addition of renewables is if anything slowing, not accelerating.

In 2021, India added 1.5 GW and 10.3 GW of wind and solar power respectively; enough to generate 16 TWh. Total electricity generation is, however, 1337 TWh, a figure which has been increasing at a rate of 56 TWh a year since 2010.

In other words, new wind and solar capacity is only enough to meet a quarter of new demand.

There appears to be little sign of any of this changing in the foreseeable future.


August 4, 2022