At the recent Glasgow climate gabfest, plenty of hot air was dedicated to the mythical notion of grid-scale battery storage of wind and solar.
It’s true that renewable energy storage is setting the world on fire. But not as wind and solar acolytes might have hoped (see above and below). When giant lithium-ion batteries aren’t exploding in toxic balls of flame, their limited capacity means that they add a trivial occasional trickle of electricity to the grid; and do so at an astronomical cost.
The wind and solar acolyte would have us believe that if we throw another few billion dollars at Elon Musk, we will quickly overcome the inherent intermittency of wind and solar. But physics, economics, and even routine mathematics were never the strongest points of the wind and solar cult.
Michael O’Ceirin, on the other hand, always relishes the opportunity to run the numbers. And, once again, concludes that none of the claims made about grid-sale battery storage add up.
A Simple Explanation of Energy Storage
6 November 2021
In Australia, the federal government proposed at one time that a renewable energy station must guarantee supply of demand. Suppose as a builder of such a station you must not only account for the energy you generate but also have facilities that will give the same output when the wind decreases. As an example, suppose the SnowTown Wind Farm must do this. This station is highly efficient, having a “capacity factor” of 35%, but for the purposes of this exercise the assumption is made that it will be an average one. On the eastern grid of Australia, the “capacity factor” for wind is 28%. This means since this wind farm is 99 MW (Stage 1) in capacity per hour, to fulfil this 27.7 MWh would be required per hour. (99 × 0.28)
To be prudent, before committing to this requirement, a search of the data on wind performance in the area to find wind droughts would be done. See figure 1. It is found that at 09:00 on 5 June 2020 the wind stopped at this station. In fact, if you look closely, it started using electricity. The drought persisted for 30 hours until 15:00 on 6 June 2020. To keep dispatching energy at the agreed rate 831 MWh of storage is needed. (30 × 27.7)
A few years ago, here in Australia the State of South Australia had a major blackout.
Figure 1 – Wind Drought
To much fanfare the USA company Tesla proposed to build the largest grid scale battery of the time. This was subsequently done and has become known as the Hornsdale Reserve. With expansion it now has a capacity of 193.5MWh. The cost has been $172 million. To keep this single 99 MW power station going 4.3 of these would be needed. (831 ÷ 193.5 = 4.3) So, if it is possible to build a battery of sufficient size it will cost $740 million. (172 × 4.3 = 740) Wind turbine cost for 99 MW is $198 million. (99 × 2 = 198) So, the overall cost is $938 million (740 + 198 = 938) for the equivalent of a 30 MW gas powered electricity generator.
The message is that there is no viable way lithium battery storage can present a cost-effective stabilisation of wind energy.
There are those who would say that by this article using one particular station the data have been cherry picked. No, not at all. The period in the chart above, figure 1, is typical of all wind stations on the Australian eastern grid at the time. Reality shows that wind patterns are very large and if you examine the eastern grid of Australia this is confirmed.
Figure 2 – NEM map (source)
This is the Australian eastern grid (figure 2). There are wind power stations in the north of Queensland down to Tasmania and across to South Australia. For those readers from other parts of the world, Australia is as big as the USA. This grid has an area of about 4,000,000 km² and there is little influence by area on the output of the wind stations.
Solar, for instance the Wemen which is 98 MW, does not have as long droughts, but it produces nothing every day for about 14 hours, and it does have variation. For instance, on 5th of June, during the time period above, the farm reaches a maximum of 30 MW then had no output for 14 hours until 6 June on which day it peaked at 60 MW. If calculated the expectation is there will be remarkably comparable results.
Note: all money amounts are AUD in this article.
via STOP THESE THINGS
November 16, 2021 by stopthesethings