By Paul Homewood
h/t Ian Magness
WOW!! And no mention of CO2!
The First World War was made more bloody by a “once-in-a-century” climate crisis which rained death on Europe, a study has found.
Many of the 700,000 British lives lost in the conflict ended in the “liquid grave” of mud-choked battlefields, and the desolation of places like Passchendaele have become part of the imagery of the First World War.
Even on the Turkish coast at Gallipoli troops were immobilised and killed by appalling weather, drowning in their trenches and succumbing to exposure and pneumonia, as well as enemy bullets.
Using laser technology to examine glacial ice, Harvard and Climate Change Institute (CCI) analysts have discovered that Tommies fighting the world’s first global conflict also endured a freakish “climate anomaly” which “substantially” increased casualties.
The relentless rain which flooded battlefields like the Somme and inflicted famine on civilians was swept over from the Atlantic in rare periods of extreme precipitation caused by changes in the circulation of atmospheric air.
With peaks in rain, the Harvard-led study found, came peaks in deaths in bloody campaigns and the Spanish Flu pandemic which followed.
A new research paper states this anomalous weather coincided with battles where: “The mud and water‐filled trenches and bomb craters swallowed everything, from tanks, to horses and troops, becoming what eyewitnesses described as the ‘liquid grave’ of the armies.”
Prof Alexander F More, who led the research for Harvard, explained: “Atmospheric circulation changed and there was much more rain, much colder weather all over Europe for six years.” “It was a once in a 100-year anomaly.”
This anomaly wreaked havoc on battlefields beginning with the First Battle of Champagne in 1914 , where British, French, and German troops suffered flooded trenches and frostbite while mud “slowed down the movement of troops and artillery”.
The Somme and Verdun in 1916, and the Third Battle of Ypres-Passchendaele in 1917, were slogged out in quagmires caused by the freak downpours which increased casualties.
Royal Artillery signaller John Palmer described his trauma at seeing men “sinking into the slime, dying in the slime” on the Western Front.
Even the Anzac troops in the usually Mediterranean climate of Gallipoli suffered floods, snowfall and frostbite as the “significant climate anomaly”, which brought cold and wet marine air from the North Atlantic in the “highest concentrations in a century”.
These high concentrations brought by an Icelandic low pressure system were pinpointed by analysis of glacial ice cores taken from the Alps which present a frozen record of climatic conditions during the conflict.
As well as causing problems for warring armies, researchers have argued this unusual six-year weather pattern caused famine and the 1916-17 “Turnip Winter”, in which the German population depended on root vegetables amid a failed harvest.
Research by the universities of Harvard, Maine, and Nottingham has also found that the once-in-a-century weather may have impacted the migration of mallards, keeping ducks infected with Spanish Flu concentrated in Europe.
“It is likely that they stayed put for much of that period,” said Prof More.
This lingering infected bird population was added to: “Abnormally high precipitation and cold temperatures in the years preceding the onset of the pandemic, in 1917, and during its deadliest wave in 1918.”
Researchers have argued that the climate events that made the war more deadly also increased mortality in the Spanish Flu pandemic, which killed up to 100 million people worldwide.
Nowadays, the Met Office blame one wet summer on global warming!
via NOT A LOT OF PEOPLE KNOW THAT
September 24, 2020 at 04:33AM