Thanks to solar cycles, sea ice is now recovering slowly in the Northern Hemisphere.
Chart from Danish Meteorological Institute
Thanks to J.H. Walker for these links
“This chart show the effects of Solar Induced climate change from the high sea ice level stand at the end of the Solar Cycle 20 cool-sun period though the three High Output cycles SC21, SC22 and SC23,” says J.H. “With the effect of the modern Grand Solar Minimum only just commencing with lagging temperature effects.”
via Ice Age Now
July 6, 2020 at 11:53AM
Vatican: Small Scale Climate Cooperatives “people-centred, not capital-centred … distribute wealth in a fairer way”
Guest essay by Eric Worrall
Vatican News presenting Pope Francis’ support for the UN Secretary General’s vision of a global future of sustainable local cooperatives which eliminate the unfairness of Capitalism.
Pope: cooperatives for clean energy against climate change
Cooperatives – people-centred development
The aim of the annual celebration is to increase awareness about cooperatives. Being people-centred, not capital-centred, cooperatives distribute wealth in a fairer way. As farms, businesses, or other organizations which are owned and run jointly by members who share the profits or benefits, cooperatives are committed to the sustainable development of their communities, environmentally, socially as well as economically. They support community activities, local sourcing of supplies to benefit the local economy, and decision-making that considers the impact on their communities.
In a message for the June 4 International Day of Cooperatives, UN Secretary-General, Antonio Guterres, focused on the role of cooperatives in addressing the challenges caused by the Covid-19 pandemic and climate change and in forging a path towards an inclusive and equitable future for all.
Laudato Si‘, Pope Francis’ Climate Change Encyclical, also mentions the positive role of Cooperatives;
112. Yet we can once more broaden our vision. We have the freedom needed to limit and direct technology; we can put it at the service of another type of progress, one which is healthier, more human, more social, more integral. Liberation from the dominant technocratic paradigm does in fact happen sometimes, for example, when cooperatives of small producers adopt less polluting means of production, and opt for a non-consumerist model of life, recreation and community. Or when technology is directed primarily to resolving people’s concrete problems, truly helping them live with more dignity and less suffering. Or indeed when the desire to create and contemplate beauty manages to overcome reductionism through a kind of salvation which occurs in beauty and in those who behold it. An authentic humanity, calling for a new synthesis, seems to dwell in the midst of our technological culture, almost unnoticed, like a mist seeping gently beneath a closed door. Will the promise last, in spite of everything, with all that is authentic rising up in stubborn resistance?
179. In some places, cooperatives are being developed to exploit renewable sources of energy which ensure local self-sufficiency and even the sale of surplus energy. This simple example shows that, while the existing world order proves powerless to assume its responsibilities, local individuals and groups can make a real difference. They are able to instil a greater sense of responsibility, a strong sense of community, a readiness to protect others, a spirit of creativity and a deep love for the land. They are also concerned about what they will eventually leave to their children and grandchildren. These values are deeply rooted in indigenous peoples. Because the enforcement of laws is at times inadequate due to corruption, public pressure has to be exerted in order to bring about decisive political action. Society, through non-governmental organizations and intermediate groups, must put pressure on governments to develop more rigorous regulations, procedures and controls. Unless citizens control political power – national, regional and municipal – it will not be possible to control damage to the environment. Local legislation can be more effective, too, if agreements exist between neighbouring communities to support the same environmental policies.
Read more: Laudato Si’
Pope Francis sadly does not explain why a system in which people work hard but other people receive the benefit is somehow fairer than a system in which people work hard and get to keep the benefit. Of course, if all the fruits of my efforts were redistributed, perhaps I would choose not to work so hard. There is no point trying to work and save up for stuff you want to buy, if you are not allowed to keep what you save.
Perhaps this is what Pope Francis means by “a non-consumerist model of life”.
via Watts Up With That?
July 6, 2020 at 12:28PM
Jul 6 16:10: Magnitude recalculated from 4.6 to 5.0.
Hypocenter depth recalculated from 472.7 to 578.9 km.
Jul 6 16:16: Magnitude recalculated from 5.0 to 5.2.
Hypocenter depth recalculated from 578.9 to 564.8 km.
Jul 6 16:36: Magnitude recalculated from 5.2 to 5.1.
Hypocenter depth recalculated from 564.8 to 500.0 km.
Earthquake report world-wide for Monday, 6 July 2020
Monday Jul 06, 2020 17:20 PM | BY: EARTHQUAKEMONITOR
World map showing earthquakes above magnitude 3 during the past 24 hours on 6 Jul 2020
Summary: 189 quakes M2+, 96 quakes M3+, 27 quakes M4+, 3 quakes M5+ (315 total)
This report is being updated every hour.
Magnitude 2+: 189 earthquakes
Magnitude 3+: 96 earthquakes
Magnitude 4+: 27 earthquakes
Magnitude 5+: 3 earthquakes
Magnitude 6+: none
Magnitude 7+: none
Magnitude 8+: none
Magnitude 9+: none
List of 10 largest earthquakes in the world (past 24 hours):
#1: M 5.9 quake: Vanuatu Islands on Sun, 5 Jul 18h50 – 23 hours ago
#2: M 5.5 quake: Mariana Islands (Northern Mariana Islands) on Mon, 6 Jul 12h58 – 4 hours ago
#3: M 5.1 quake: New Zealand on Mon, 6 Jul 16h01 – 1 hour 23 minutes ago
#4: M 4.9 quake: New Zealand on Mon, 6 Jul 08h07 – 9 hours ago
#5: M 4.9 quake: W. Caroline Islands, Micronesia on Mon, 6 Jul 15h30 – 1 hour 54 minutes ago
#6: M 4.8 quake: 7 km NNW of Hihifo, Tonga on Mon, 6 Jul 10h12 – 7 hours ago
#7: M 4.8 quake: South of Fiji Islands on Mon, 6 Jul 16h01 – 1 hour 23 minutes ago
#8: M 4.7 quake: South of Bali, Indonesia on Mon, 6 Jul 09h14 – 8 hours ago
#9: M 4.7 quake: Northern Molucca Sea (Indonesia) on Mon, 6 Jul 11h17 – 6 hours ago
#10: M 4.6 quake: Tanimbar Islands Reg., Indonesia on Sun, 5 Jul 18h26 – 23 hours
Number of quakes and energy released vs time
Number of quakes and energy released vs magnitude
Magnitude of quakes and energy released vs time
Nishino-shima volcano (Volcano Islands, Japan): the highest ash plume since 2013
Monday Jul 06, 2020 08:38 AM | BY: MARTIN
The highest ash plume from Nishino-shima volcano since 2013 (image: @hidemaru.0916/instagram)Effusive-explosive eruption of the volcano continues at high levels.
The Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) reported that on 4 July satellite Himawari recorded an ash plume with large ash content that rose 27,230 ft (8,300 m) above the summit and drifted north. It is considered as the highest ash plume of the volcano since 2013.
Formation of lava flows and explosions in the near future will continue to be active as the activity at the volcano continues at high levels.
The warning bulletin states that ballistic impacts of volcanic bombs were ejected as far as 2.5 km away from the crater.
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency volcano activity update 6 July 2020
Volcano earthquake report for Monday, 6 Jul 2020
Monday Jul 06, 2020 16:50 PM | BY: EARTHQUAKEMONITOR
World map showing volcanoes with shallow (less than 20 km) earthquakes within 20 km radius during the past 24 hours on 6 Jul 2020 Number in brackets indicate nr of quakes.Quakes detected near: Bardarbunga (8 quakes between mag 1.1-1.8), Brennisteinsfjöll (10 quakes between mag 0.3-1.2), Clear Lake (20 quakes between mag 0.3-2.1), Coso (8 quakes between mag 0.6-1.2), Etna (2 quakes between mag 1.9-2.0), Grímsvötn (1 quake mag 1.2)
Kalatungan (1 quake mag 2.6), Katla (3 quakes between mag 0.3-1.2), Kilauea (3 quakes between mag 1.9-2.0), Lavic Lake (1 quake mag 2.9), Long Valley (6 quakes between mag 0.1-1.3), Momotombo (2 quakes between mag 1.8-2.6), Popocatépetl (1 quake mag 2.3), Reykjanes (48 quakes between mag 0.1-2.9), Salton Buttes (1 quake mag 1.7), Spurr (1 quake mag 1.3), Tenerife (10 quakes between mag 0.3-1.4), Torfajökull (1 quake mag 1.1), Yake-dake (2 quakes between mag 3.5-3.9) (updated 16h50)
Note: Earthquakes within 20 km from and at depths less than 20 km under active volcanoes are reported. The list is not complete because many volcanoes are not monitored and/or seismic data in high resolution is not available publicly.
Volcanoes with recent earthquakes above magnitude 2 or more than 10 quakes are listed below:
Clear Lake volcano (California): 20 earthquakes up to magnitude 2.1
Possible earthquake swarm: 20 earthquakes occurred near (under) the volcano during 22 hours, the last being recorded quake 1 hour 31 minutes ago. Hypocenter depths ranged between 14.7 and 0.8 km.
Earthquake details: (only 5 largest)
M 2.1 quake: 5km W of Cobb, CA (USA) on Mon, 6 Jul 08h49 (16 km S) – 8 hours ago
M 1.3 quake: 9km NW of The Geysers, CA (USA) on Mon, 6 Jul 02h17 (15 km S) – 15 hours ago
M 1.1 quake: 7km W of Cobb, CA (USA) on Sun, 5 Jul 16h55 (16 km S) – 1 day 0 hours ago
M 1.1 quake: 6km W of Cobb, CA (USA) on Sun, 5 Jul 18h04 (16 km S) – 23 hours ago
M 1.1 quake: 6km WNW of Cobb, CA (USA) on Mon, 6 Jul 04h30 (15 km S) – 13 hours ago
All earthquakes at Clear Lake
Kalatungan volcano (Mindanao): magnitude 2.6 earthquake
A magnitude 2.6 earthquake occurred at the volcano 20 hours ago. The quake, which might be volcanic in origin, was located at a depth of 1.0 km depth at 19 km distance W from the volcano.
M 2.6 quake: 025 km N 61° W of Pangantucan (Bukidnon) (Philippines) on Sun, 5 Jul 21h06 (19 km W) – 20 hours ago
All earthquakes at Kalatungan
Lavic Lake volcano (California): magnitude 2.9 earthquake
A magnitude 2.9 earthquake occurred at the volcano 14 hours ago. The quake, which might be volcanic in origin, was located at a depth of 7.3 km depth at 16 km distance S from the volcano.
M 2.9 quake: 35km ENE of Lucerne Valley, CA (USA) on Mon, 6 Jul 03h05 (16 km S) – 14 hours ago
All earthquakes at Lavic Lake
Momotombo volcano (Nicaragua): 2 earthquakes up to magnitude 2.6
2 earthquakes occurred near (under) the volcano during 17 minutes, the last being recorded quake 4 hours ago. Hypocenter depths ranged between 5.0 and 4.0 km.
M 2.6 quake: 11 Km al sureste de Volcán Momotombo, Nicaragua on Mon, 6 Jul 12h57 (12 km SW) – 4 hours ago
M 1.8 quake: 9 Km al sureste de Volcán Momotombo, Nicaragua on Mon, 6 Jul 13h14 (9 km SW) – 4 hours ago
All earthquakes at Momotombo
Popocatépetl volcano (Western & Central Mexico): magnitude 2.3 earthquake
A magnitude 2.3 earthquake occurred at the volcano 9 hours ago. The quake, which might be volcanic in origin, was located at a depth of 4.0 km depth at 3 km distance N from the volcano.
M 2.3 quake: 17 km al SURESTE de AMECAMECA, MEX (Mexico) on Mon, 6 Jul 08h04 (3 km N) – 9 hours ago
All earthquakes at Popocatépetl
Reykjanes volcano (Iceland): 48 earthquakes up to magnitude 2.9
Possible earthquake swarm: 48 earthquakes occurred near (under) the volcano during 23 hours, the last being recorded quake 11 minutes ago. Hypocenter depths ranged between 8.4 and 1.1 km.
Earthquake details: (only 5 largest)
M 2.9 quake: 3.2 km NNE of Grindavík (Iceland) on Sun, 5 Jul 20h36 (6 km WSW) – 21 hours ago
M 2.8 quake: 5.5 km NNE of Reykjanestá (Iceland) on Mon, 6 Jul 16h17 (9 km ESE) – 59 minutes ago
M 2.3 quake: 3.4 km NNE of Grindavík (Iceland) on Sun, 5 Jul 20h36 (6 km WSW) – 21 hours ago
M 2.3 quake: 3.4 km NNE of Grindavík (Iceland) on Sun, 5 Jul 20h32 (6 km WSW) – 21 hours ago
M 1.8 quake: 2.9 km NE of Grindavík (Iceland) on Sun, 5 Jul 20h32 (7 km WSW) – 21 hours ago
All earthquakes at Reykjanes
Yake-dake volcano (Honshu): 2 earthquakes up to magnitude 3.9
2 earthquakes occurred near (under) the volcano during 5 hours, the last being recorded quake 19 hours ago. Hypocenter depths ranged between 10.0 and 10.0 km.
M 3.9 quake: Eastern Honshu, Japan on Sun, 5 Jul 22h03 (10 km SSW) – 19 hours ago
M 3.5 quake: Eastern Honshu, Japan on Sun, 5 Jul 17h17 (10 km SSW) – 24 hours ago
All earthquakes at Yake-dake
Routine respiration rates in the South Georgia stock of Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba) were measured to compare with previously published measurements on stocks from colder locations further south. Within the natural temperature range of this species (− 1.8° to 5.5 °C), respiration rate data from both the present and previous studies were adequately fitted by a single Arrhenius regression (Q10 of 2.8), although South Georgia krill showed an upward deviation from this regression between 0° and 2 °C (the lower temperature range at South Georgia). Metabolic compensation (i.e. the comparative lowering of respiration rate) at the high temperatures experienced at South Georgia was not apparent, although the higher than predicted metabolic rates at low temperatures suggests acclimation of South Georgia krill to a warm water lifestyle. Weight-specific respiration rate was significantly higher in sub-adults and adults compared to juveniles, highlighting the metabolic burden of reproduction. South Georgia krill showed no further increase in respiration rate when exposed to acute temperatures (5.5–12.2 °C), indicating that they were already at the limit of aerobic capacity by 5.5 °C. Overall, this study shows that even small degrees of additional warming to South Georgia waters are likely to make conditions there metabolically unsustainable for Antarctic krill.